The official language in Taiwan is Mandarin Chinese but because many Taiwanese are of southern Fujian descent, Hokkienese (Minnanyu, which is known as Taiwanese by locals) is widely spoken, especially in the southern part of Taiwan. Other groups including Hakka Chinese and indigenous tribes have also preserved their languages. Many elderly people can also speak some Japanese, for they were under Japanese occupation before 1945.
The most popular foreign language in Taiwan is English, which is part of the regular school curriculum. However, for the convenience, when taking a taxi in Taiwan, it is advisable to prepare a note with the destination written in Chinese to show the taxi driver.